Appendix I: Ancient History Emphasis Comprehensive Exam Topics & Bibliographies

GREEK Topics

I. Prehistory
A. The Minoan Era
B. Rise and Fall of Mycenaean Greece
C.  The Collapse of the Old States
D. The Eighth-Century Renaissance
E. Homer and Homeric Civilization

 II. Archaic
A. Oligarchies and Hoplites

B. Sparta and Athens, 700–480 B.C.
C. Persia and Greece, 499–79 B.C.

 

III. Classical
A. The Origin and Growth of the Athenian Empire, 478–31 B.C.
B. The Archidamian War
C. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition
D. The Defeat of Athens and Its Aftermath

 

IV. Philip and Alexander
A. Philip’s Rise to Power and Subjugation of Greece

B. Alexander’s Conquest of Persia
C. Alexander’s Hellenization of the East

 

V. Hellenistic
A. Greek Kingdoms under Alexander’s Successors

B. Hellenistic Culture
C. Rome’s Defeat of the Hellenistic Empires
D. Rome’s Settlement of North Africa, the Near East and Egypt

 

Bibliography

I. Prehistory

General

Betancourt, P. P. 2007. Introduction to Aegean Art. Philadelphia: INSTAP Press.

Cline, E., ed. 2010. The Oxford Handbook of The Bronze Age Aegean. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cullen, T., ed. 2002. Aegean Prehistory: A Review. Boston: Archaeological Institute of America.
Dickinson, O. 1994. The Aegean Bronze Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Renfrew, C. 2009. The Emergence of Civilization: The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium BC (2nd edition). Oxford: Oxbow Books.
Shelmerdine, C., ed. 2007. The Cambridge Companion to the Aegean Bronze Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The Minoan Era
Doumas, C. 1992. The Wall Paintings of Thera. Athens: The Thera Foundation.
Fitton, J. L. 2002. Minoans. London: The British Museum Press.
Mycenaean Greece
Galaty, M., and W. Parkinson. 2007. Rethinking Mycenaean Palaces II. Los Angeles, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology.
Mylonas, G. E. 1957. Ancient Mycenae: The Capital City of Agamemnon. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
 
The Collapse of the Old States
Desborough, V. R. d’A. The Last Mycenaeans and Their Successors, an Archaeological Survey, c. 1200-c. 1000 B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Dickinson, O. 2006. The Aegean from Bronze Age to Iron Age. New York: Routledge.
 
The Eighth-Century Renaissance
Boardman, J. 1999. The Greeks Overseas. 4th ed. London and New York: Thames and Hudson.
Snodgrass, A. 1981. Archaic Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press.
 
Homer and Homeric Civilization
Carter, J. B., and S. P. Morris, eds. 1995. The Ages of Homer. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Morris, I., and B. B. Powell, eds. 1997. A New Companion to Homer. Leiden: Brill.
 
II. Archaic
 
Oligarchies and Hoplites
Hanson, V. 1989. The Western Way of War. New York: Knopf.
McGlew, J. 1993. Tyranny and Political Culture in Ancient Greece. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
 
Sparta and Athens, 700–480 B.C.
Cartledge, P. 2003. The Spartans. Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press.
Raaflaub, K., J. Ober, and R. W. Wallace, eds. 2007: The Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press.
 
Persia and Greece, 499–79 B.C.
Boardman, J., N. G. L. Hammond, D. Lewis, and M. Ostwald, eds., The Cambridge Ancient History IV: Persia, Greece, and the Western Mediterranean ca. 525 to 479 b.c. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burn, A. R. 1984. Persia and the Greeks. 2nd ed. London: Duckworth.
Green, P. 1996. The Greco-Persian Wars. Berkeley: University of California Press.
 
III. Classical
 
The Origin and Growth of the Athenian Empire, 478–31 B.C.
McGregor, M. F. 1987. The Athenians and Their Empire. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
Meier, C. 1998. Athens: A Portrait of the City in its Golden Age. Trans. R. and R. Kimber. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Meiggs, R. 1972. The Athenian Empire. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
 
The Archidamian War
De Ste. Croix, G. E. M. 1972. The Origins of the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kagan, D. 1984. The Archidamian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
 
The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition
Green, P. 1970. Armada from Athens. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Kagan, D. 1981. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
 
The Defeat of Athens and Its Aftermath
Davies, J. K. 1993. Democracy and Classical Greece. 2nd ed. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Strauss, B. 1986. Athens after the Peloponnesian War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Wolpert, A. 2002. Remembering Defeat: Civil War and Civic Memory in Ancient Athens. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
 
IV. Phillip and Alexander
 
Philip’s Rise to Power and Subjugation of Greece
Billows, R. A. 1995. Kings and Colonists: Aspects of Macedonian Imperialism. Leiden and New York: Brill.
Ellis, J. R. 1976. Philip II and Macedonian Imperialism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hunt, P. 2010. War, Peace, and Alliance in Demosthenes’ Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
Alexander’s Conquest of Persia
Bosworth, A. B. 1988. Conquest and Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heckel, W. 2008. The Wars of Alexander the Great. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
Alexander’s Hellenization of the East
Ashley, J. R. 1998. The Macedonian Empire. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Bosworth, A. B. 1996. Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Jouguet, P. 1978. Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World: Macedonian Imperialism and the Hellenization of the East. Chicago: Ares.
 
V. Hellenistic Period
 
Greek Kingdoms under Alexander’s Successors
Austin, M. M. 1986. “Hellenistic Kings, War, and the Economy.” CQ 36: 450–66.
Ma, J. 2003. “Kings.” In A. Erskine, ed., A Companion to the Hellenistic World. Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell. 177–95.
Ogden, D. 1999. Polygamy, Prostitutes and Death: The Hellenistic Dynasties. London: Duckworth.
 
Hellenistic Culture
Bugh, G., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chamoux, F. 2003. Hellenistic Civilization. Trans. M. Roussel. Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell.
 
Rome’s Defeat of the Hellenistic Empires
Eckstein, A. M. 2008. Rome Enters the Greek East. Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell.
Gruen, E. S. 1984. The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome. 2 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Harris, W. V. 1979. War and Imperialism in Republican Rome, 327–70 b.c. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
 
Rome’s Settlement of North Africa, the Near East and Egypt
Badian, E. 1968. Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic. 2nd ed. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Burstein, S. M. 2007. The Reign of Cleopatra. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Kallett-Marx, R. 1995. Hegemony to Empire: The Development of the Roman Imperium in the East from 148–62 b.c. Berkeley: University of California Press.
 
 
ROMAN Topics
I. Prehistory
A. The Peoples & Cultures of Prehistoric Italy
II. Regal
A. Latin & Sabine Kings
B. Etruscan Rome
C. The Religion of Archaic Rome
 
III. Republican
A. The Young Republic: The Fifth and Fourth Centuries BCE
B. The Growth of the Republic: War and Conquest in the Third Century BCE
C. Consequences of Conquest: The Second Century BCE
D. The Late Republic: The First Century BCE
 
IV. Early Empire
A. Augustus: The Birth of the Imperial Regime: 29 BCE—14 CE
B. The Julio-Claudians: The System under Stress: 14—68 CE
C. The Flavians: Consolidating the Imperial Order: 68—96 CE
D. The Antonine Empire: 96—192 CE
E. The African and Syrian Emperors: 193—235 CE
 
V. Late Empire
A. A Disintegrating Order: 235—284 CE
B. Diocletian and the Tetrarchy: 284—305 CE
C. Constantine and his Successors: 306-361 CE
D. Julian: CE 361-363
E. A New Crisis and the End of Rome
 
Bibliography
 
I. Prehistory
 
The Peoples & Cultures of Prehistoric Italy
Barker, G. 1981. Landscape and Society: Prehistoric Central Italy. London and New York: Academic Press.
Pallottino, M. 1991. A History of Earliest Italy. Trans. M. Ryle and K. Soper. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Ridgway, D., and Ridgway, F. R. (eds). 1979. Italy before the Romans: The Iron Age, Orientalizing and Etruscan Periods. London and New York: Academic Press.
 
II. Regal
 
Latin & Sabine Kings
Alfoldi, A. 1965. Early Rome and the Latins. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Bloch, R. 1960. The Origins of Rome. London: Thames and Hudson.
Momigliano, A. 1989. “The Origins of Rome,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 7 pt. 2: The Rise of Rome to 220 B.C. F. W. Walbank, A. E. Astin, M. W. Frederiksen, R. M. Ogilvie and A. Drummond (eds.). Cambridge. 52-112.
 
Etruscan Rome
Bonfante, L. 1986. .Etruscan Life And Afterlife: A Handbook of Etruscan Studies. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Haynes, S. 2000. Etruscan Civilization: A Cultural History. London: British Museum.  
Pallotino, M. 1975. The Etruscans. Trans. J. Cremona. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Scullard, H. H. 1967. The Etruscan Cities and Rome. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
 
The Religion of Archaic Rome
Beard, M., J. North, and S. Price. 1998. Religions of Rome (Vol. 1): A History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dumézil, G. 1970. Archaic Roman Religion. 2 Vols., Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
 
III. Republican

The Young Republic: The Fifth and Fourth Centuries BCE


Cornell, T. 1989. “The Recovery of Rome,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 7 pt. 2: The Rise of Rome to 220 B.C., F. W. Walbank, A. E. Astin, M. W. Frederiksen, R. M. Ogilvie and A. Drummond (eds.). Cambridge. 309-50.
Drummond, A. 1989. “Rome in the fifth century I: the social and economic framework,” and “Rome in the fifth century II: the citizen community,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 7 pt. 2: The Rise of Rome to 220 B.C., F. W. Walbank, A. E. Astin, M. W. Frederiksen, R. M. Ogilvie and A. Drummond (eds.). Cambridge. 113-242.
Mitchell, R. E. 1990. Patricians and Plebeians: The Origin of the Roman State. Ithaca, NY:
Cornell University Press.
Raaflaub, K A. (ed.). 1986. Social Struggles in Archaic Rome: New Perspectives on the Conflict of the Orders. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
 
The Growth of the Republic: War and Conquest in the Third Century BCE
Harris, W. V. (ed.). 1984. The Imperialism of Mid-Republican Rome. Papers and Monographs of the American Academy in Rome, Vol. 29. Rome.
Eckstein, A. M. 1987. Senate and General: Individual Decision-Making and Roman Foreign Relations, 264-194 B.C. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Franke, P. R. 1989. “Pyrrhus,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 7 pt. 2: The Rise of Rome to 220 B.C., F. W. Walbank, A. E. Astin, M. W. Frederiksen, R. M. Ogilvie and A. Drummond (eds.). Cambridge. 456-85.
Scullard, H. H. 1973. Roman Politics, 220-150 B.C., 2nd edn. OxfordOxford University Press.
The Late Republic: The First Century BCE
Beard, M., and M. Crawford. 1985. Rome in the Late Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brunt, P. A. 1988. The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Raaflaub, K., and M. Toher (eds.). 1990. Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate. Berkeley: University of California Press.

The Julio-Claudians: The System under Stress: 14—68 CE
Barrett, A. 1990. Caligula—The Corruption of Power. London: Methuen.
Levick, B. 1993. Claudius. New Haven: Routledge.
McCrum, M., and A. G. Woodhead (eds.). 1961. Select Documents of the Principates of the Flavian Emperors 68-96. Cambridge: Routledge.

The Antonine Empire: 96—192 CE
Birley, A. R. 2000. “Hadrian to the Antonines,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 11: The High Empire, A.D. 70–192, A. K. Bowman, E. Champlin, and A. Lintott (eds.). Cambridge. 132-94.
Garzetti, A. 1974. .From Tiberius to the Antonines: A History of the Roman Empire AD 14—192. London:
Routledge.
Griffin, M. 2000. “Nerva to Hadrian,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 11: The High Empire, A.D. 70–192, A. K. Bowman, E. Champlin, and A. Lintott (eds.). Cambridge. 84-131.
Oliver, J. H. 1970. Marcus Aurelius: Aspects of Civil and Cultural Policy.
American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Hesperia Supplement 13. Princeton.
Weber, W. 2000. “Hadrian,” and “The Antonines,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 11: The High Empire, A.D. 70–192, A. K. Bowman, E. Champlin, and A. Lintott (eds.). Cambridge. 294-391.

The African and Syrian Emperors: 193—235 CE
Birley, A. R. 1988. The African Emperor Septimus Severus. London: Routledge.  
Campbell, B. 2005. “The Severan Dynasty,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 12: The Crisis of Empire, A.D. 193–337, A. K. Bowman, P. Garnsey, and A. Cameron (eds.). Cambridge. 1-27.
Lo Cascio, E. 2005. “The Emperor and His Administration: The Age of the Severans,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 12: The Crisis of Empire, A.D. 193–337, A. K. Bowman, P. Garnsey, and A. Cameron (eds.). Cambridge. 137-155.
 

V. Late Empire

A Disintegrating Order: 235—284 CE
Drinkwater, J. 2005. “Maximinus to Diocletian and the ‘Crisis’,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 12: The Crisis of Empire, A.D. 193–337, A. K. Bowman, P. Garnsey, and A. Cameron (eds.). Cambridge. 28-66.
Southern, P. 2001. The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine. London and New York: Routledge.
Swain, S., and M. Edwards (eds.). 2004. Approaching Late Antiquity: The Transformation from Early to Late Empire, Oxford: Harvard University Press.
Cameron, A. 1993. The Later Roman Empire AD 284-430. .

Constantine and His Successors: 306-361 CE
Hunt, D. 1998. “The Successors of Constantine,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 13: The Late Empire A.D. 337-425, A. Cameron and P. Garnsey (eds.). Cambridge. 1-43.
Lenski, N. E. (ed.). 2006. The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Constantine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Julian: CE 361-363
Bowersock, G. W. 1978. Julian the Apostate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tougher, S. 2007. Julian the Apostate. Edinburgh: Harvard University Press.
Cameron, A. 1993. The Mediterranean World in Late Antiquity AD 395-600. New York.
Heather, P. 2005. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Heather, P. 2000. “The western empire, 425-76,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 14: Late Antiquity: Empire and Successors, A.D. 425–600, A. Cameron, B. Ward-Perkins, and M. Whitby (eds.). Cambridge. 1-32.
Lee, A. D. 2000. “The eastern empire: Theodosius to Anastasius,” in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 14: Late Antiquity: Empire and Successors, A.D. 425–600, A Cameron, B. Ward-Perkins, and M. Whitby (eds.). Cambridge. 33-62.

Matthews, J. 1975. Western Aristocracies and Imperial Court AD 364-425. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ward-Perkins, B. 2005. The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.